Live WebinarFrom dentistry to micro-dentistry: See more to optimize your dental workflow
26 Feb 2020, 06:00 PM Dubai
Dr. Fabio Gorni
We are often challenged to create restorations that mimic natural teeth or enhance smiles to meet patient desires and expectations. I have recently adopted the Minimal Invasive Cosmetic Dentistry (MiCD) concept introduced by Dr. Sushil Koirala which is based on a holistic patient-centric treatment approach that integrates minimally invasive treatment techniques with aesthetic dentistry to enhance the smile while taking into consideration the psychology, health, function and aesthetics of the patient.
Diastema or space between the teeth is a common dental condition that can create cosmetic issues in adults and often corrected with orthodontic treatment or indirect veneers. The clinical case below highlights a different treatment approach where direct aesthetic restorations were selected after assessing the following 5 factors which we take into consideration when treatment planning in my practice. 1-Treatment longevity, 2-Cost estimation, 3-Vitality of the tooth, 4-Biological cost, 5-Expectation of the patient.
To achieve predictable aesthetic outcomes when opting for diastema closure and smile rejuvenation with direct restorations, it is very important to understand the optical characteristics and properties of the composite material being used. For this clinical case I have used a BEAUTIFIL II LS bioactive, low shrinkage composite resin with life-like aesthetics and high polishability to mimic nature with long-term predictability. (Fig 1a &1b)
A 28 years old female patient visited our clinic requesting for a beautiful smile with less tooth destruction at a reasonable cost as the gap between her front teeth had affected her confidence to smile for a long time (Fig. 2). Other dentists had suggested orthodontic treatment with indirect veneers which she had refused and was in search of an alternate option that would meet her needs.
The smile defects were determined upon careful clinical examination. The patient presented with reverse smile line and median diastema that needed cosmetic correction. A direct mock-up was planned as an initial step to help evaluate the patient perception and visual interpretation of the expected final outcome as there were limitations in the selected direct restorative approach to rejuvenate the patient’s smile. (Fig. 1)
After careful examination the following materials and Composite shades were selected
• Tooth preparation
Fine Diamond points (Red band on the shank) and Super-Snap Violet Disk
• Etching and Bonding – 37% Phosphoric acid and FL-Bond II
• Composite materials
- Palatal Shell - Beautifil II Enamel shade T
- First Dentin layer - Beautifil II LS opaque shade A2O
- Second Dentin layer - Beautifil II LS shade A2
- Enamel Layer - Beautifil II Enamel shade HVT (High Value Translucent)
• Finishing & Polishing - Fine Diamond Points, Super-Snap X-treme Kit
• Super Polishing for high gloss – DirectDia polishing paste with Buff disk
Composite mock-up can be used as an aid in both diagnostic and aesthetic evaluation. In this instance, a prepless direct mock-up technique was selected with the aim of motivating the patient, evaluation of patient expectations by directly checking the smile design and to create the silicone index for fabrication of the palatal shell in the final restorations . (Fig 3). During the direct mock-up, composite material was added to the distal side of the left lateral incisor tooth to enhance the overall appearance while preserving tooth structure as per the MICD approach. (Fig. 4)
Clinical Tip: It is important to check occlusion and identify the high points using articulating paper to ensure that an accurate silicone index can be created for the palatal shell. (Fig. 5)
There are many different methods used for shade selection to achieve an accurate shade match with the natural tooth. In my practice, we prefer to use the direct technique for shade selection, where the enamel and dentin shades of composite materials are placed directly on the tooth surface and compared with the shade of the natural tooth. Shade selection procedure is completed with digital photography taking into consideration the 3 dimensions of color with “Hue, Value and Chroma” (Fig. 6). A composite recipe is identified for build-up of each restoration.
Rubber dam was placed from premolar to premolar to help isolate the teeth to enhance visibility and eliminate contamination with sulcular fluid. The labial enamel surface of both central incisors were minimally prepared using Super-Snap Violet disk to seamlessly blend the restoration margins on both labial and palatal sides. (Fig 7). Before proceeding with the adhesive step, it was important to protect the adjacent lateral incisor teeth with Teflon tape.
After selective etching of the restorative enamel surface with Phosphoric acid (Fig.8), FL-Bond II, a 6th generation 2-step adhesive system was selected. First the Primer was applied, left for 10 seconds and air dried; followed by the application of bonding agent which was light cured for 10 seconds. (Fig. 9) . The palatal shell was created with the silicone index using Beautifil II Enamel shade T. Beautifil II LS opaque shade A2O was placed on the incisal edge to achieve a natural halo effect for enhanced aesthetics. (Fig. 10)
Clinical Tip: Palatal shells technique helps to prevent over build-up of composite on the palatal surface resulting in efficient finishing and polishing of the final restoration.
Diastema closure between central incisors was completed using the naturomimetic layering technique with incremental build-up and 10 second light-cure. The dentin layer was created using Beautifil II A2 followed by Beautifil II enamel high value translucent shade HVT. (Fig 11). For the incisal surface build-up, a thin layer of Beautifil II LS shade A2 was used followed by Beautifil II enamel shade HVT. (Fig 12). The restored central incisors after composite build-up demonstrated that life-like aesthetics had been achieved successfully. (Fig 13) .
Clinical Tip: Spend time to achieve the accurate shade match and tooth anatomy during the composite build-up phase to save chair time
Selection of the right tools for finishing and polishing of direct composite restorations to a high gloss, still remains a challenge for many clinicians. It is always helpful to identify a predictable finishing and polishing protocol for your composite material, that would help to achieve the desired final surface lustre while saving valuable chair time. For this case, after final light-cure and rubber dam removal, the gross finishing was done using a Fine Diamond point (Red band on the shank) at very low speed with no water to smoothen the restorative surface.(Fig. 14). The mesial line angles and macro anatomy was marked using a lead pencil. (Fig 15) The anatomical contouring of line angles and labial grooves were completed using a tapered fissure Fine Diamond Point (Red band on the shank) with intermittent water spray (Fig 16, 17). Dura Green stone was used to smoothen the labial grooves. (Fig 18) Polishing of the restoration was completed using Super-Snap X-Treme Green and then Red Disks. The restoration was super-polished to high gloss natural enamel-like lustre with DirectDia diamond polishing paste and a buff disk. (Fig 19)
The above clinical case illustrates that optimal life-like restorations can be achieved using BioSmart composite material with predictable aesthetics and function. By adopting the Minimally Invasive Cosmetic Dentistry (MiCD) concept and treatment protocols, we have been able to provide patients with direct restorative treatment options that exceeds their expectations while preserving natural tooth structure. The inclusion of Beautifil II LS and Beautifil II Enamel range of composites with a predictable finishing and polishing protocol has helped to minimize armamentarium and meet patient’s aesthetic demands more efficiently in my daily clinical practice. (Fig 20,21).